Bull League

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The Bull League is a fictional professional sports organization based in Canada that currently consists of a baseball league and the hockey league. The Bull Baseball League (BBL) is the major-level baseball league that was formed in 1989, and currently consists of 20 teams complete with affiliated minor leagues. The BBL has several associated amateur feeder leagues. The Bull Hockey League (BHL) is the major-level hockey league formed for the 2026-27 hockey season.


The Bull League was first created in 1989, and the ML and LL were formed in 1991. The Bull League is the major-level professional league within the Bull Baseball League, the overall baseball organization that includes the various minor-level leagues.

Each season, the Bull League determines a championship team through the Bull Cup Championship Series, preceded by two playoff rounds to determine the ML and LL champions who play for the overall championship. Teams play a 162-game season, and eight teams advance to the playoffs at the conclusion of the regular schedule. The playoffs begin with a best-of-five round, followed by two best-of-seven rounds. Games are occasionally broadcast on live streams through the league's Twitch channel, and made available later on YouTube.

The Bull League's (simulated) attendance in 2018 was 34,474,193, up 3.2% from the 2017 total of 33,399,885.[1] In 2019, the league had total attendance of 52,844,598, with the large jump being due to the schedule being extended to 162 games.

League organization

Since the Bull League was first created in 1989, it has been an overall league within which there were two subleagues. From 1989 to 1990, these were the Central League and the Southern League. In 1991, there was a major reorganization, and these subleagues were replaced with the AEL and the LL, as it remains the case today.

The leagues have always had an equal number of teams, beginning in 1991 when there were 12 teams in total, 6 in each of the AEL and LL, divided into two divisions of 3 teams each.

The two-division, two-league format has remained in place to the present, even through an expansion to 16 teams in 1995, then later to 20 teams in 2012. In order to give more teams an opportunity for playoff success, wildcards were introduced in 2007, allowing teams that were not a division pennant winner to play in the postseason for the first time.


There are currently 20 teams in the Bull League.

Division Team Stadium Cap. City Founded
Lake League
East Boston Brawlers Constitution Stadium 41,391 Boston, MA Usa.png 1989
Detroit Wolverines Rock City Dome 47,800 Detroit, MI Usa.png 2026
Montreal Metros Metros Ballpark 48,900 Montreal, QC Flag of Canada.svg.png 1989
New York Dragons The Redoubt 49,452 New York, NY Usa.png 1989
Toronto Nomads GTAGunSafety.com Stadium 52,030 Toronto, ON Flag of Canada.svg.png 1989
West Chicago Pit Bulls Pit Bulls Ballpark 47,582 Chicago, IL Usa.png 1989
Grand Rapids Hops TBA Grand Rapids, MI Usa.png 2012
Green Bay expansion team TBA Green Bay, WI Usa.png 2026
Minneapolis Ravens Twin Cities Stadium 48,562 Minneapolis, MN Usa.png 1989
Ohio Oxen The Ox Ranch in Cinci 62,000 Cincinatti, OH Usa.png 1989
Metropolitan League
East Atlanta Fire Ants TBA Atlanta, GA Usa.png 2024
Houston Oilers ExxonMobil Stadium TBA Houston, TX Usa.png 1991
Kansas City Blizzard TBA Kansas City, MO Usa.png 2012
Miami Storm Stormcenter 38,562 Miami, FL Usa.png 1995
Washington Freedom Liberty Field 38,478 Washington, DC Usa.png 1995
West Calgary Calicos Inferno Park 40,358 Calgary, AB Flag of Canada.svg.png 1995
California Tidals Tidals Ballpark 49,720 Los Angeles, CA Usa.png 1989
Denver Grizzlies TBA Denver, CO Usa.png 2024
Las Vegas Lightning LV Speedway Las Vegas, NV Usa.png 1989
Seattle Salts Salty Park 39,750 Seattle, WA Usa.png 1989


The fictional Bull League first formed in 1989, consisting of a 20-team league divided into two constituent leagues, the Central League and the Southern League, with ten teams in each. Like the current configuration, these two leagues were further divided into two divisions each, an east and a west.

Original teams

Bold indicates a team that is still active.

Division Team City Notes
Central League
East Boston Britons Boston, MA Usa.png Became the Boston Brawlers in the Lake League East division
Brooklyn Tigers Brooklyn, NY Usa.png Became the Chicoutimi Cinquantes in the Lake League East division
Chicago Knights Chicago, IL Usa.png Became Chicago Pit Bulls, moved to AEL then to LL West division
New York Fastballs New York, NY Usa.png Became the New York Minutemen in the Lake League East division
Toronto Ducks Toronto, ON Flag of Canada.svg.png Became the Toronto Nomads in the Lake League East division
West California Tidals Los Angeles, CA Usa.png Name unchanged; Moved to American Eagle League West division
Nevada Speeders Reno, NV Usa.png Name unchanged; Moved to American Eagle League West division
Ohio Oxen Toledo, OH Usa.png Name unchanged; Moved to Lake League West division
Seattle Salts Seattle, WA Usa.png Name unchanged; Move to American Eagle League West division
Vancouver Metros Vancouver, BC Flag of Canada.svg.png Became the Montreal Metros in the Lake League East division
Southern League
East Detroit Lakers Detroit, MI Usa.png Folded after 1990
Houston Keystones Houston, TX Usa.png Folded after 1990
Philadelphia Cubs Philadelphia, PA Usa.png Folded after 1990
Picton Mounties Picton, ON Flag of Canada.svg.png Folded after 1990
Richmond Raiders Richmond, VA Usa.png Became the Minneapolis Ravens in the Lake League West division
West Cleveland Natives Cleveland, OH Usa.png Folded after 1990
Kansas City Cattle Kansas City, KS Usa.png Folded after 1990
Atlantic City Invaders Atlantic City, NJ Usa.png Folded after 1990
North Chicago Batmen North Chicago, IL Usa.png Folded after 1990
Oakland Braves Oakland, CA Usa.png Folded after 1990

Creation of the American Eagle and Lake Leagues (1991-1993)

Original Bull League Baseball Association (BLBA) logo, 1991

By 1991, the number of teams had been reduced to just 12, with three in each of the divisions, and the two major leagues within the Bull League were renamed the American Eagle League and the Lake League.

The reduction is teams was seen as practical because at the time the games were simulated, one game at a time, using Earl Weaver Baseball, a baseball management simulation game. It was was a lengthy process to play out even a day's worth of games in this method.

Labor Dispute (1994)

As with real baseball, there was a "labor disruption" which led to the cancellation of the 1994 season. No records remain for any games from that season and the season is officially considered to have been not played.

Following the "labor disruption" the league was effectively suspended and no games were simulated until 2016, when the league transitioned to OOTP17 and resumed operations.

The League is Reborn (1995)

The Bull League resumed operations and following a reorganization of teams and leagues, including an expansion from 12 teams to 16 teams, the 1995 season was played out.

Further Expansion (2012)

See main article: 2012 Expansion

In 2012, the Bull League expanded from 16 teams to 20, the number it originally had in 1989.

Reorganization (2018)

The new Bull League logo unveiled for the 2018 reorganization. It is also used for the Bull Baseball League as a whole

    See article: 2018 Reorganization

Although in many years there are some name, location or branding changes among the teams, the 2018 season saw a major reorganization, with several teams swapping leagues as a result of relocations.

The historic San Diego Seagulls, which moved to Anchorage to become the Anchorage Aces in 2017, completed a move to St. Petersburg, Florida and were renamed the St. Petersburg Admirals. With the move across the continent they were shuffled into the AEL East. The Jacksonville Ravens left the AEL altogether in their relocation to Minnesota. They were renamed the Minneapolis Ravens with a change of logo, and joined the LL West.

At the conclusion of the 2018 season, the American Eagle League was renamed to the Metropolitan League.

Contraction (2021)

    See article: 2021 Contraction

At the conclusion of the 2020 playoffs, the league contracted back to 16 teams by removing four teams. Those teams were:

To rebalance the divisions to four teams each, the Calgary Inferno were moved from the ML West to the ML East and relocated to a yet-to-be announced city.

A contraction draft was held to redistribute the approximately 160 rostered players from the four contracted teams among the remaining franchises. Minor league players were eligible to be drafted in the contraction draft as well, and priority in the draft was assigned to teams currently with a "human" general manager.

The four teams selected to be disbanded were based on a combination of factors, including their lack of interest by human GMs, lack of club history (2 of the 4 were expansion teams from 2012, and one was formed in 2017 as a replacement for another folded franchise), lack of recent playoff successes (Detroit, Dallas and Norfolk had no playoff appearances, while 2012 expansion team Arizona had back-to-back playoff appearances in 2019-2020), or lack of franchise consistency (Pittsburgh had gone through numerous relocations and name changes since it was introduced in 1995 as the Hamilton Industrials).

Team budgets were also adjusted to account for the additional salary taken on.

Season structure

Throughout the year, there are a number of important events that define the structure of each baseball season in the Bull League.

Spring training

    See article: Spring training

Spring training is a series of exhibition games and baseball practice camps that each Bull League team holds in the spring every year, before the start of the regular season. The purpose is to allow the teams to field the most competitive possible rosters for the regular season, by both having returning veterans warm up and work out after a winter without playing time, and to allow rookies and minor league players a chance to try out for a spot on the roster of the parent club for the upcoming season.

The spring training schedule lasts roughly 5-6 weeks, beginning in March, and occasionally involves inter-league play between ML and LL teams.

Regular season

    See article: Regular season

As of the 2019 season, the regular season schedule consists of 162 games, beginning on the first day of April, and ending at the end of September. Prior to 2019, the regular season was wither 100, 82 or 80 games long, and began in mid-May.

An All-Star Game is played in early July.

The goal of each team during the season is to win as many games as necessary to secure a playoff berth, either by winning the division title, or by having one of the next best team records below the division title winners in each league. Occasionally, additional tie-breaking games are required to determine a clear order in the standings at the end of the season.

Historic season schedules and dates

    See article: List of Bull League baseball seasons

Historic Bull League seasons
Year # of games # of teams Calendar dates Platform
1991 30 12 1991 EWB
1992 8 12 1992 EWB
1993 30 12 1993 EWB
1994 Not played
1995 80 16 Jul 2016 OOTP17
1996 80 16
1997 80 16
1998 80 16
1999 80 16
2000 80 16
2000 80 16
2002 80 16
2003 80 16
2004 80 16
2005 80 16
2006 80 16
2007 82 16
2008 82 16
2009 82 16
2010 82 16
2011 82 16
2012 82 20
2013 82 20
2014 82 20
2015 82 20
2016 82 20 Aug 2016—Sep 2016
2017 100 20 May 2017—Sep 2017 OOTP17/OOTP18
2018 100 20 May 2018—Sep 2018 OOTP18
2019 162 20 Nov 2018—Mar 2019 OOTP19
2020 162 20 Apr 2019—Oct 2019 OOTP19
2021 162 16 Oct 2019—Mar 2020 OOTP19/OOTP20
2022 162 16 Apr 2020—Jul 2020 OOTP20
2023 162 16 Jul 2020—Dec 2020 OOTP21
2024 162 16 Jan 2021—Jun 2021 OOTP21
2025 162 18 Jul 2021—Nov 2021 OOTP22

First year player draft

    See article: First year player draft

In early June of each year the league holds an annual amateur player draft. College and high school players who are of eligible age and service may be drafted by Bull League teams according to an order set the previous season and based on their final standings.

The draft is the primary way for North American players to enter service into the league.

All-Star Game

    See article: Bull League All-Star Game

At about the mid-way point through the regular season, the teams break for five days in order to play an exhibition game called the All-Star Game. This match features the best players from both the American Eagle League and the Lake League, as voted on by fans and team managers.

Until recently, the winner of the All-Star Game would determine which league's team would have the home-field advantage in the final round of the playoffs.


    See article: Bull League postseason

Bull Cup Championship Records
Team Series
Chicago Pit Bulls(ML to LL, 2012) 6 2024 7
New York Dragons† (LL) 5 2008 5
Montreal Metros (LL) 5 2025 8
Ohio Oxen (LL) 4 2016 5
Chicoutimi Cinquantes (LL)
(Team folded 2016)
3 2005 4
Calgary Inferno† (ML) 2 2017 7
Minneapolis Ravens(ML to LL, 2018) 2 1996 6
California Tidals (ML) 2 2013 5
Nevada Speeders (ML) 1 2001 7
Miami Storm(LL to ML, 2018)
1 2000 3
Houston Oilers† (ML) 1 2019 3
Pittsburgh Iron Pigs† (LL) 1 2002 2
Seattle Salts (ML) 1 1992 2
Boston Brawlers (LL) 0 1
Washington Freedom (ML) 0 1
indicates the team has had a name or location change
- see team article for further details.

At the conclusion of the 162-game regular season eight teams will advance into the playoffs. These teams are the division champions for all four divisions, plus four wild card teams, being the next two best teams by win-loss record in each league.

There are three rounds of playoffs in the bracket:

  1. Elimination Round, a best-of-five series between the 1 and 4, and 2 and 3 seeds within each league.
  2. The Metropolitan League Championship Series and the Lake League Championship Series, each a best-of-seven series to determine each league's champions.
  3. The Bull Cup Championship Series, a best-of-seven series to determine the overall Bull League champions.

The Elimination Round wildcard was introduced for the 2007 season. The division winners are always seeded #1 and #2, with the wildcards seeded #3 and #4. Prior to 2019, all rounds were best-of-five.

Beginning with the 2018, the team with the best record will determine the home-field advantage in the Bull Cup Championship Series, ending the long-standing practice of awarding the advantage to the league which won the All-Star Game in that year.


During the off-season, many organizational and administrative events occur in order to prepare for game play the following season.

  • In October, the players file for free agency, and salary arbitration hearings take place. Award voting also takes place.
  • In November, the annual winter meetings are held. During this period, trades and rule changes may occur. Shortly after the meetings wrap up, the Rule 5 draft takes place.
  • In December, the Hall of Fame balloting period takes place.
  • In January, the Hall of Fame inductees, if any, are announced.
  • In March, the preseason begins, and the schedule for the next season is released.


    See article: List of Bull League awards

The Bull League recognizes outstanding players in a wide variety of categories annually at the end of each season.

Carl Simms MVP Award

    See article: Carl Simms MVP Award

The Carl Simms MVP Award is given to the most valuable player in both the LL and the ML. Until 2017, pitchers qualified for this award. The award is named for Carl Simms, a Hall of Fame player who won the most valuable player award a record five times during his career.

Sandy Koufax Award

    See article: Sandy Koufax Award

The Sandy Koufax Award is awarded to the best pitcher in both the LL and the ML. Relievers also qualify for this award. The award is named for Sandy Koufax, a real-life pitcher who played for the Brooklyn Dodger (later Los Angeles Dodgers), winning the National League's top pitcher award three times, was named MVP, and was the youngest player ever inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame, at 36.

Woodchuck Trophy

    See article: Woodchuck Trophy

The Woodchuck Trophy is the Bull League's award for the top relief pitcher.

Rookie of the Year Award

    See article: Rookie of the Year Award

The Rookie of the Year Award is given to the top rookie players in the LL and the ML. Pitchers and position players both qualify.

General Manager of the Year

    See article: GM of the Year Award

The general managers select one of their number as the best GM of the year.

Year GM Team
2017 Dylan Maccarone Ohio Oxen
2018 Scott Dummler Nevada Speeders
2019 Kevin Norris New York Dragons
2020 Scott Davis Chicago Pit Bulls

Manager of the Year

    See article: Manager of the Year

The Bull League awards a manager of the year award to recognize the top manager in each of the leagues, the LL and the ML.

League rules

Bull League Rule Summary
Level Major
Designated Hitter Yes
Roster limit 26 (Expands to 40 on September 1)
Age range Min. 18 years
Disabled list 10 days / 60 days
Waiver period 9 days
DFA limit 15 days




  1. 2017 Season Was Best Yet for Fans. BNN. http://bullleague.org/highlights/2017-season-was-best-yet-for-fans/. 26 January 2018. Accessed: 26 January 2018.