Bull Baseball League
The Bull Baseball League (BBL) is a fictional professional and amateur baseball organization, consisting of a major-level 20-team league, each with five levels of affiliated minor leagues, and a complete college/high school feeder system. The league operates using OOTP18, a baseball management simulation system. It was first started in 1989.
There are over 8,000 players in the entire professional system and the associated feeder leagues, playing over 7,600 games per season in total. In 2017, there were more than 33 million (simulated) spectators at major-level games, and a total league revenue of nearly $2.5 billion. Last year, the league released 24 podcasts. Broadcasts on the league Twitch channel saw 82 views, with 394 total minutes watched. The league's YouTube channel, which has 5 subscribers, had 463 minutes of viewing time though 2017.
- 1 Quick summary
- 2 History
- 3 Major level
- 4 Minor leagues
- 5 Feeder leagues
- 6 Tournaments
- 7 Summary of BBL leagues
- 8 Bull Baseball League Organizations
- 9 References
- 10 External Links
|OOTP Version||OOTP 19|
|# of teams||20 (contracting to 16 for 2021)|
|Type||Fictional – modern|
|Exports/Sim Schedule||Tue - Thu - Sun|
|Sim length||3 or 4 game days during season|
|Waiver period||7 days|
|DFA period||15 days|
|DL period||10 days / 60 days|
|Salary cap||Soft cap only|
|DH rule||On (both subleagues)|
|Rainouts||Off for major level|
|Playoffs||3 rounds with wild cards (8 team bracket)|
History1989, and originally called the Bull League Baseball Association (BLBA). When it was formed, the league consisted only of the major-level Bull League (BL), and the AAA-level Cow League (CL). The original game platform used to simulate games was Earl Weaver Baseball, operating on an Amiga computer system.
The original BLBA comprised two subleagues, of two divisions each, with three teams in each division, for a total of 12 teams. The Cow League was organized identically, but operated mainly as a reserve roster. The league went into abeyance in about 1994.
In the 1995 re-boot of the league, the BL and CL were restarted, but with an expanded 16 teams for each league. Gradually, further minor leagues were added, with an expansion to 20 teams completed in the 2012 season. By the 2017 season, the first full season played in "real-time", the league had it's current one major and five minor levels, and the college/high school feeder system was introduced.
The pace of play for the BBL differs greatly from most other OOTP online leagues, in that most leagues simulate sometimes many days or weeks on each simulation date, resulting in several seasons played out within the same calendar year. This can result in leagues being decades or centuries ahead of the actual year. This option was considered but dismissed for the BBL, as one of the unique aspects of this league, adding depth and realism. Our philosophy is that baseball, as a pastime, is meant to be slowly savored and immersed in.
Some archival material about the early seasons of the BLBA are available here: BLBA Archives.
Simulated financial history
The league has expanded the length of the regular season which has resulted in additional revenue from more ticket and merchandise sales for the various teams.
|Season||Total attendance||Total revenue||Total payroll|
|2020||56,238,001||$3.65 B||$2.29 B|
|2019||52,844,598||$3.26 B||$2.19 B|
|2018||34,474,193||$2.77 B||$2.39 B|
|2017||33,399,885||$2.57 B||$2.19 B|
|2016||27,963,620||$2.56 B||$1.95 B|
The year indicated is for the calendar (actual) year, not the
See article: Bull League
At the top level of professional play, the BL consists of 20 baseball clubs divided into two leagues, the Lake League (LL) and the Metropolitan League (ML). Each league consists of two divisions (East and West) comprised of five teams each.
By convention, teams in the LL are based on or around the major cities of the Great Lakes area of Canada and the United States. This may include teams in the greater Great Lakes basin including Northeastern United States and along the St. Lawrence River. Teams are located in Minnesota, Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, New York, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Ontario and Quebec.
By contrast, ML teams are not geographically limited and may be based in any city in the continental United States or Canada, though they tend to occupy major cities. Teams are currently located in California, Washington, Nevada, Arizona, Texas, Colorado, District of Columbia, Florida, Virginia, and Alberta.
|Season length||162 games|
|Total games played/year||1,620|
See article: Minor league
Each BL team is a "parent" to a five-level Minor league or "farm" system of affiliated baseball teams. Each club has just one team at each of the five minor levels.
The levels, in order of highest to lowest, are: AAA, AA, A, Short Season A, and Rookie. Each league level has a unique league name, and is comprised of subleagues and divisions in a similar way to the top-level BL.
See article: Cow League
The AAA-level league is called the Cow League (CL). It is comprised of the Atlantic Coast League (ACL) and the Frontier League (FL). Players at this league level are usually experienced professional baseball players, many of whom have had playing time at the major level, and are awaiting for a further opportunity to break back in there, or they are rapidly advancing new minor league players with high-prospects for major-level play. Major-level players are often sent to the AAA level to "rehab" after an injury.
A team's secondary, or 40-man, roster is often made up of players from the AAA level (in addition to the maximum 25 who are also on the active roster). These players are immediately ready to stand in at the top level in the event of injuries.
The schedule is slightly shorter than the BL schedule, and there is a three-round postseason similar to the BL.
See article: Heifer League
The AA level Heifer League (HL) is a journeyman, or developmental minor league level, intended for players who have progressed in their skill level and could be considered "prospects" to one day play at the major level. It is likely these players will need to spend time at the AAA level before then, but occasionally a high-talent prospect may find themselves brought straight up to the major level from AA.
AA is often considered a litmus test level, and the quality of play can be very good. There can often be a large number of talented players vying for major league promotions.
The HL has a schedule similar to the CL, with a simplified two-round playoff in which only division leaders qualify.
See article: Calf League
At this level, the league is called the Calf League (CaL) and consists of two subleagues which are referred to as conferences: Mid-West Conference (MWC) and Desert Conference (DC). Other than this, the structure is similar to the other minor leagues above it. This is the first level of baseball that prospective young players will experience a full season of play, and the quality of baseball play is reflective of players who have only had a few years of professional playing time.
Newly drafted players are often placed here in their second year with a club, unless they have exceptional skills and have been promoted to a higher level.
This league plays a split-season format. The playoffs consist of teams who led their divisions after the first half, and teams that led their division after the second half (if different).
There is no All-Star Game, and only division pennant winners advance to the playoffs.
Short Season A level
See article: Milk League
This level is comprised of three leagues, the 10-team New England League, the 6-team Texas-Rio Grande League and the 4-team SoCal League. Like all other levels, each team is affiliated with a different Bull League organization. As the name implies, teams play a vastly shortened schedule which begins in August, after the draft, until September. The purpose is to give them continuous playing time in the same year they complete college or high school play, and give teams a preview of their capabilities in a professional context.
Players are often placed here immediately after being drafted and signed, and the league has age limits and pro service time limits. There is no All-Star Game, and no playoff. The team with the best overall record at the end of the season is crowned the league champion.
See article: Florida Rookie League
Players at this level are normally drawn from a club's international roster, where the scouts have identified high-potential prospects during visits to various countries with organized youth baseball programs. The upper age limit for rookie league is 21 years old, as it is not intended as a level in which players should spend years developing. If they demonstrate a superior level of potential talent, they are quickly promoted to A level or higher.
Players at this level may be as young as 16, depending on when teams choose to activate them from the international roster. Occasionally, teams may place drafted players at this level, particularly younger ones (such as high school age) in the year following their selection, to give them a full season of playing time before deciding whether they should be promoted up the ladder.
There have always been feeder leagues in the BBL, as there has always been an amateur draft. However, in 2017 a customized fictional feeder system was implemented. It was expanded again for 2018. It now consists of five leagues, four college and one high school, providing an ample pool of talented players suitable for at least 30 draft rounds.
The age range for college players is between 18 and 22 years old, while the age range for high school players is from 15 to 18 years old. Each league has rules on whether its players are eligible for the draft. Generally, however, for college levels (except Can-Am) draft eligibility begins at age 21, and for the high school level it is age 18.
NCAA Division I
See article: NCAA Division I
Introduced for the 2018 season in the BBL, the NCAA Division I (DI) is a 32-team interpretation of the much larger, real life NCAA Division I baseball system. As in the real Division I, it is considered the highest-quality level of college baseball play within the BBL.
The colleges and teams are named for real, existing schools, but all of the players are fictional. Only eight teams from four actual conferences are currently used in the Bull Baseball League version. The conferences are the Atlantic Coast, Big Ten, Pac-12 and Southeastern, and are grouped for scheduling purposes into two subleagues. The real NCAA Division I comprises nearly 300 teams with a very complex tournament and playoff system.
Players in this level are primarily from the United States, with a few from Canada and other countries. They become eligible for the draft at age 21. The NCAA season runs 56-games from February to April, with an All-Star Game held at the mid-point of the season. Eight teams are eligible for the playoffs at the end of the season (Elite Eight), which is then whittled down to a four-team semi-final (Final Four) and then lastly a College World Series to determine a champion.
Canadian Interuniversity Sports
See article: Canadian Interuniversity Sports
Canadian Interuniversity Sports (CIS) is a fictional amalgamation of two Canadian university baseball conferences that in real-life are unaffiliated, which was introduced for the 2017 season. In terms of quality of play, the CIS is inferior to the NCAA because of the shorter season, and because of a lack of funding by Canadian schools for a modern baseball program. That said, the quality is superior to the other college and high school levels.
The first conference is the CCBA (Canadian Collegiate Baseball Association), which in the Bull League includes 10 of the 11 actual teams. The schools are located in the National Capital Region of Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. The CCBA is divided into a Northern division and an Atlantic division. Meanwhile, the OUA (Ontario University Athletics) is the other conference, and in the Bull League it includes all ten Ontario schools with baseball teams, but for the sake of the OOTP18 scheduling system, they are divided into east and west divisions, whereas in reality they are in a single division.
As with the NCAA Division I, the teams and schools are real, along with their logos and uniforms, however the players remain fictional in keeping with the rest of the BBL.
Players in this level are primarily from Canada and the United States, with a few international players. Like the NCAA, they become draft eligible at age 21. The CIS season is either 16 or 18 games, depending on the conference, and unlike the other amateur leagues, the season runs from September to October. There is a 3-round playoff for the division leaders and two wildcards from each conference, leading to a national collegiate championship. An All-Star Game is played, but scheduled for the week before the regular season begins to simulate the actual Canadian college all-star game, which occurs in the summer (off-season).
Pacific Rim College
See article: Pacific Rim College League
The Pacific Rim College League (PRCL) is a 20-team league of collegiate teams from fictional colleges in Asia and Oceania, including Japan, Korea, Australia and New Zealand, and some other countries, including Fiji, Vietnam, Taiwan, the Philippines, and Singapore. The quality of play is considerably less than the NCAA, and slightly below the CIS.
There are two conferences in the PRC League, a Japan-Korea Conference and an Australia-Oceania Conference, each divided into two divisions of five teams each. The Japan-Korea Conference has a Japan Division, and a Korea Division. The Australia-Oceania Conference has an Australia-New Zealand Division and an Oceana Division.
Teams play a 54-game season that begins in January and ends in March, and is followed by two rounds of playoffs in which only the four division leaders qualify. Players become draft eligible at age 21. The players are mainly from Japan, Korea, Taiwan, China, Australia, New Zealand and other Asian and Pacific region countries.
See article: Can-Am College League
The Can-Am College League is made up of collegiate baseball teams from 24 fictional colleges primarily in the US and Canada, but also The Bahamas. There are four conferences in the Can-Am League, with 6 teams in each conference, totaling 24 teams in all.
Like almost all of the college leagues, there is an All-Star Game and a playoff. The league is considered junior to the NCAA Division I college circuit and all players are considered eligible for the draft.
Nor-Am High School
See article: Nor-Am High School League
The Nor-Am High School League (NORAM) is the sole high school level baseball league in the Bull Baseball League universe. There are 32-teams, all of which are fictional private or separate high schools based in Canada, the US, Mexico, and some Caribbean nations. Most of the US and all of the Canadian teams are based in the Independent School Conference (INDY), and further divided into two divisions. The remaining schools are in the International Conference (INTER), again divided into two divisions. The high school system uses a promotion/relegation system, where the top two schools in Division 2 of both conferences are promoted to Division 1, and the worst two Division 1 teams are demoted or relegated to Division 2, for the following season.
The NORAM season is 30 games long, and begins in March, and ends in April. There is no playoff or All-Star Game. Players are draft eligible only in their final year, at age 18. Those who remain undrafted may move on to a college team.
There are currently two annual tournaments in the Bull Baseball League, one pro-level and one college-level. The pro tournament is the World Cup of Baseball and runs in the fall, from October until November. This tournament pits the best players by nationality, and consists of 16 national teams. Eligible players must be at the major-level or AAA-level within the Bull Baseball League.
The college tournament is the Summer College Tournament, and is slated to run in late June through July each year, but in its first year (2017) will run through August. It is a much shorter, smaller tournament, where again the best college and high school players from each of the eight countries compete for a tournament title after the draft.
There is also a winter developmental baseball league for players below the AAA-level. The Bull Oceanic Winter League (or BOWL) runs from January until February, giving minor league players extra time to develop and enhance their skills during the off-season, ahead of Spring Training. The schedule runs about 60 games and the teams are based in Africa and Australia.
Summary of BBL leagues
|League||Level||Schedule||All-Star Game||Inter-league||Playoffs||Teams||Roster limits|
|Bull League||Major||162||1st day of April||Yes||Yes||Yes, 3 rounds with wildcards||20||25|
|Cow League||AAA||144||2nd week of April||Yes||No||Yes, 3 rounds with wildcards||20||26|
|Heifer League||AA||144||2nd week of April||Yes||No||Yes, 3 rounds
|Calf League||A||120||2nd week of April||No||No||Yes, 3 rounds
|New England League||Short Season A||75||1 July||No||No||No||10||35, Max. age 25|
|Texas-Rio Grande League||6|
|Florida Rookie League||Rookie||84||15 March||No||Yes||Yes||20||No roster limit, Max. age 22, Max 1 year pro|
|Feeder Leagues (Amateur College/HS)[Section note 1]|
|NCAA Division I||College (DH rule)||55||15 February||Yes||No||Yes||32||30, College players (18-22 yrs)|
|Canadian Interuniversity Sports||College (DH rule)||16 or 18||First weekend in September||Yes (Pre-season)||No||Yes||20||30, College players (18-22 yrs)|
|Pacific Rim College League||College (DH rule)||54||15 January||Yes||Yes||Yes||20||30, College players (18-22 yrs)|
|Can-Am College League||College (No DH)||50||15 February||Yes||—||Yes||24||30, College players (18-22 yrs)|
|Nor-Am High School League||High School
|38||1 March||No||—||No||32||30, High school players (15-18 yrs)|
|Winter developmental league|
|Bull Oceanic Winter League||Development League
|36||2nd Monday of January||No||No||Yes, 2 rounds with wildcards||10||30|
- Draft eligibility for most college levels start at age 21, and for high school starts at 18.
Bull Baseball League Organizations
Each major-level team has a team in each of the minor leagues, one for each level.
- 2017 Season Was Best Yet for Fans. BNN. http://bullleague.org/highlights/2017-season-was-best-yet-for-fans/. 26 January 2018. Accessed: 28 January 2018.
- Bull Baseball League website
- Bull Baseball League StatsLab statistical information
- Bull News Network (BNN) news and reports
- Bull Baseball News Podcast feed
- Bull Baseball League YouTube channel
- Bull Baseball League Twitch broadcast channel
- Bull League archives (historic documents and stats for 1991-1993)
|Early era||Weaver Cup era||1989 • 1990|
|Bull Cup era begins||1991 • 1992 • 1993 • 1994|
|Modern era||First expansion||1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 • 2000 • 2001|
|DH-rule begins||2002 • 2003 • 2004 • 2005 • 2006|
|Wildcard play begins||2007 • 2008 • 2009 • 2010 • 2011|
|Second expansion||2012 • 2013 • 2014 • 2015 • 2016|
|100-game seasons||2017 • 2018|
|162-game seasons||2019 • 2020|
|See also||Bull Baseball League|